Some low risk BCCs can be treated with topical creams, while others require treatment with local destruction or excision. High risk BCCs are more likely to be treated with Mohs micrographic surgery to increase the probability of cure. Large or aggressive BCCs that may not curable with surgery or radiation can be controlled with newer oral agents.
Like BCCs, small, low risk SCCs may be treated with topical creams, local destruction or excision. High risk SCCs, which have more risk factors for recurrence, are more likely to be treated with Mohs micrographic surgery to increase the probability of cure.
If caught early, melanoma can be curable by surgery alone. If caught later, it can be life-threatening. Fortunately, new targeted and immune therapies are available to treat patients with more advanced disease, providing them with improved survival and quality of life.